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Craniosynostosis is a congenital defect that affects the flexible joints called baby sutures. These joints are usually left open until the baby’s second birthday so that the brain can grow. Craniosynostosis causes premature fusion of one or more of these sutures. When this happens, the brain continues to grow, causing the head to look wrong.

How common is craniocerebral disease?

Craniosynostosis affects one in every 2,500 births.

Symptoms of craniosynostosis include misalignment of the head, asymmetrical face, a hard tip along the head, and a closed font (soft spot) above the head. Symptoms may vary depending on which suture is fused, such as when your child was diagnosed.

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Frequent symptoms

The most common symptom of craniocerebral disease is misalignment of the head. Your baby’s scalp depends on what type of craniocerebral disease they have, which seams merge.

  • Sagittal synostosis appears as a long, narrow head. This scalp is known as scaphocephaly. The bow seam runs from the top of the head, from front to back. This is the most common type of craniocerebral disease.
  • Coronary synostosis presents as a flattened front. The crown sutures run from the ear to the top of the head on either side of the head. When the seam is joined, the forehead appears flattened on the flat side. This scalp is known as anterior plagiocephaly. You may notice that your baby’s eye socket is higher up on the injured side; Coronary artery disease is the second most common type of craniocerebral disease.
  • Bicoronal synostosis appears as a wide, short head. This horse in the head is called brachiocephaly. This condition occurs when the crown seams fuse և may be part of a larger genetic disorder.
  • Metopic synostosis creates a triangular head. This horse of the head is known as trigoncephaly. The metopic suture runs from the nose to the top of the head. It gives your baby a triangular head shape with a narrow forehead and a wide back. You may notice that your baby’s eyes are close together.
  • Lamboid sinusitis presents as a flattened buttocks of the head. This scalp is called posterior plagiocephaly. The lambdoid suture runs through the back of the head. This is a rare type of craniocerebral disorder that is often associated with a genetic disorder.

Another condition that can cause a change in your baby’s scalp

A change in a baby’s head does not always mean that the baby has a craniocerebral disease. A much more common և favorable (mild or harmless) condition can also cause these changes և it is called positional plagiocephaly. Positional plagiarism describes a flattened area of ​​a baby’s head that often lies in the same position. This condition is more common in children who often lie on their backs.

Other typical symptoms of craniosynostosis include:

  • Disappearing fontThe font or soft spot above the baby’s head is usually left open during the first year. When the stitch near the font merges, the font can also be closed.
  • Convex fontYou may notice that your baby’s font is full or bulging due to increased cranial pressure.
  • Hard top on the skullWhen the cranial suture fuses, a hard ridge usually forms. You և your doctor will most likely be able to feel it by pressing lightly along the suture line.
  • Asymmetrical faceDepending on which seam is fused, your baby’s face may look uneven or uneven. You may notice that one eye is higher than the other, or part of their nose is pulled to one side.

Rare symptoms

More rare symptoms of craniocerebral disease include:

  • Prominent veins of the head. When you visit your pediatrician, you may notice that the doctor will carefully examine your baby’s head for prominent or bulging veins. This may indicate an increase in pressure inside the skull.
  • Slow growth of the headOnce the skull is fused, your baby’s head may stop growing like the rest of the baby’s body. You may notice that the measurement of the head circumference deviates from the normal growth pattern during good pediatric visits to the pediatrician.
  • Increase the size of the headWhile some children grow slowly, others grow faster. This is most likely due to increased pressure in the skull.
  • IrritabilitySome children with craniosynostosis seem more irritable and cry out loud.

Complications ումներ Subgroup instructions

The most common complication of craniocerebral disease is an increase in intracranial pressure. When the skull fuses prematurely, փոքր your baby’s brain continues to grow, the brain presses against the skull. This causes an increase in cranial pressure, which affects the development of the brain.

Symptoms of neonatal hypertension include:

  • Irritability
  • Vomiting
  • Drowsiness
  • Keeping your eyes constantly

When to see a doctor or go to the hospital

You can see a pediatrician when you notice craniocerebral symptoms. Early diagnosis and treatment are vital to minimizing complications and increasing the likelihood of successful treatment.

A 2020 study found that parents of children with craniocerebral disease often noticed that something was wrong before joining their medical team. The nurses were disappointed that their doctor did not seem to care about the unusual egg on their baby’s head. If you feel that something is wrong with your child, do not hesitate to continue asking questions to your medical team.

Summary:

The most common symptom of craniosynostosis is misalignment of the head. The exact shape of your baby’s head depends on the type of craniocerebral disease your baby has and the seams affected.

You may also notice a disappearing or bulging soft spot, a hard ridge on the head, and an asymmetrical face. Talk to your child’s pediatrician as soon as you notice these symptoms. Early diagnosis և treatment can ensure that this condition does not interfere with your baby’s development.

Word from Verywell

The most common symptom of craniosynostosis is misalignment of the head. This common defect in common fertility affects about one in every 2,500 births. Supporting your child during diagnosis և treatment is overwhelming for any parent. It may be helpful to remember that craniocerebral disease can usually be treated with surgery.

Stay in touch with your medical team և Consider contacting a support team or online community.

Frequently Asked Questions

Who is at risk for craniocerebral disease?

Craniosynostosis is a relatively common disorder that affects one in every 2,500 births. Many cases are considered accidental և have no known cause. Possible risk factors for having a baby with craniocerebral disease include thyroid disease, maternal thyroid disease, and the use of fertility drugs. If you are concerned, talk to your midwife.

How is craniocerebral disease diagnosed?

Craniosynostosis is often diagnosed by physical examination. Your doctor will do a thorough examination and ask questions about your baby’s health. Your child may also need a computed tomography (CT scan) to confirm the diagnosis. CT with 3D reconstruction is the most accurate test for craniocerebral diagnosis.

When can craniocerebral disease be diagnosed?

Depending on how severe the cranial defect is, craniocerebral disease can be diagnosed at any time in the first year of a child’s life. Some babies are diagnosed at birth and others after a good baby test a few months later.

Is Cranial Surgery A Brain Surgery?

No, craniocerebral surgery involves the transfer of more bone from the skull to provide space for the brain to grow. The surgeon will not perform surgery directly on the brain.

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