New research shows that screening women are more likely to have low birth weight babies.
LOS AN GE ELES. A group of academic researchers from the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), the University of San Francisco, and the A&M University of Texas և Center for Disease Control and Prevention has published a research journal. Obstetrics և gynecology,
According to a press release by UCLA spokesman Brad Smith, the main findings of the study are that women who use e-cigarettes during pregnancy are at least 33 percent more likely than those who do not use e-cigarettes to give birth to low birth weight babies. ,
“Although only a small percentage of people used e-cigarettes, we were surprised at how many used both e-cigarettes and cigarettes during pregnancy,” said Annette Reagan, an assistant professor of epidemiology at the study. Fielding School of Public Health, University. She is an instructor at the San Francisco Nursing School. “We found high rates of low birth weight for e-cigarette users, and it happened even for those who did not smoke.”
“Low birth weight babies who weigh less than 5.5 pounds often require specialized medical treatment; they are at a much higher risk of early life complications, long-term health problems,” said Reagan and his research. team:
The research team analyzed data from 80,000 mothers from 2016 to 2018 as a result of a study by the CDC-coordinated Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System, also known as PRAMS. The PRAMS study, according to Smith, “collects information on maternal experience in the country before, during and immediately after pregnancy.” 1.1% of those surveyed said they had smoked e-cigarettes in the last three months of pregnancy, and nearly two-thirds of those who smoked e-cigarettes said they were regular smokers during that time.
“The team reported that the rate of low birth weight among e-cigarette users, exclusively or in combination with regular cigarettes, was 8.1 percent, compared with 6.1 percent for non-smokers.”
“These findings are important because early birth means that the baby has less time to grow and gain weight in the womb,” Reagan added. “Most of the baby’s weight is gained in late pregnancy.”
Experts comment on the study analyzing the effects of smoking and evaporation during pregnancy
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