St. LOUIS – Feeding very low birth weight or very premature babies is a special challenge due to the immaturity of the gastrointestinal tract. Optimal growth is essential for any nutrition to improve long-term results and reduce disease. The goal is to achieve a growth rate that is similar to the growth of a fetus in the womb.
Trophic feeding, also called “minimal” or “prenatal” absorption, is beneficial for premature, low birth weight or NICU infants. It is a small amount of balanced endeavor nutrition that will help the offspring to stimulate their intestines, start absorbing the nutrients they need to thrive and grow.
Trophic feeding is a small amount of food given to adolescents immediately after birth to prevent intestinal atrophy. These feedings are traditionally given in small amounts of 1-3 ml per feeding every 1-3 hours.
Traditionally, trophic feedings were given through IV nutrition, a mixture of sugar, fat, protein որ calories, but Dr. Katherine Sibulskis, SLUCare neonatologist at SSM Health Cardinal Glennon Children’s Hospital, says that breast milk is best, even if breast milk. is dedicated
If breast milk is not available, a primer may be used.
“For many of our mothers, on the first day or two after giving birth, mothers may not have enough breast milk. “We really use donor breast milk if the mother is unable to produce it,” said Sibulskis. “Donor milk is from mothers who have completely healthy children and produce a lot of milk. Mothers are all screened, milk is all tested, it is pasteurized to make sure it is safe for our babies. “We know that newborns tolerate this milk better instead of formula.”
Trophic feeding of breast milk proceeds slowly until the baby’s respiratory և heart’s status stabilizes and intestinal motility stabilizes.
“All of our premature babies start with a reduced feeding, usually for babies under 1,500 grams, or about 3-3.5 pounds,” said Sibulskis. “Children born with this weight are at the highest risk of complications.”
Even infants over 3 pounds from birth may be eligible for trophic feeding.
“There are other newborns who have impaired intestinal blood flow or impaired oxygenation, heart disease, low oxygen levels that go to the intestines,” said Sibulskis. “Babies who have a baby who has a reason to have surgery on their abdomen may need nutritional nutrition.”
To learn more about Cardinal Glenon’s neonatal care unit, click here.
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