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Children born during the coronavirus epidemic have significantly reduced oral, motor, and general cognitive activity compared to children born before the epidemic; this discrepancy is particularly pronounced in men, as in children from low socioeconomic families. Researchers believe that this underscores the fact that even in the absence of infection, the epidemic has had a significant negative impact on the development of infants and children.
In a pre-published study reviewed by medRxiv on Wednesday, researchers looked at data from an ongoing longitudinal study of a child’s neural development, comparing estimates for 2020 և 2021 for 2011-2019. Researchers have found that verbal, non-verbal, and general cognitive scores are significantly lower since the onset of the epidemic, with young children showing significantly lower scores than infants born before January 2019.

The researchers said: “It’s clear […] “It is imperative that young infants and children develop differently from the epidemic, that its solution is urgent now that the brain is in the most resilient state,” he said, adding that it was unclear from the data if the observed declines were temporary.

The researchers concluded that the results suggest that early development is weakened by the impact of the epidemic on environmental factors.

Children are greatly affected by their environment, և the child’s brain undergoes a large amount of structural և functional growth due to genetic և environmental factors. According to research, the COVID epidemic has greatly changed the environment of both young children and pregnant women, which can greatly affect the development of children.

    A mother and her child wear masks to prevent contact with the coronavirus, shopping in a traditional Seoul market (credit: REUTERS / KIM HONG-JI) Mother and child wear masks to prevent contact with coronavirus, shop in traditional Seoul market (credit: REUTERS / KIM HONG-JI)

The researchers cited closures as “limiting factors” in a child’s learning activities, adding that stress caused by various factors in the epidemic can affect children.

The researchers also cited the fear of a pregnant woman attending prenatal visits during the epidemic as a factor that increased maternal stress, anxiety and depression, citing it as another factor that could affect the development of the baby. Maternal stress, anxiety: depression during pregnancy can affect the structure of the fetus ուղ brain և connection, which can cause cognitive, motor և behavioral developmental delays.

The researchers also looked at the potential impact of wearing a mask on the study, noting that children could not see the full facial expressions of the study staff, which could affect their perception of test questions and instructions due to restrictions on masks. non-verbal cues or perception of verbal instructions.

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