The baby’s head is flexible and soft to allow the baby’s skull to move through the birth canal. It is normal for newborn heads to become defective during the first few months of life after birth.
Fortunately, most heads turn around in childhood. However, some newborns may need extra help from a health care provider. Read more about what to know when to worry about a baby’s scalp.
Changes in the baby’s head
Birth noodles are the first thing that will affect your baby’s head. The egg in their head can be changed based on the following:
- How long do you give birth?
- The amount of pressure that a baby has when crossing the birth canal
- Whether you have a vaginal birth or a caesarean section (section C)
Before the age of 2, the skull is made up of several bones that are joined together by strong tissues. Sutures or spaces between bones are called sutures. The baby is born with soft spots or fonts. Soft spots are larger openings where the bones have not yet joined.
The two most prominent soft spots are at the top of the head: at the back of the head. These extra spaces help the skull bones move during childbirth, allowing the head to move through the birth canal. They provide space for brain growth.
The brain and head grow rapidly during the first two years of your baby’s life. By about age 2, your baby’s skull bones will slowly begin to fuse as the sutures become bone.
C-section against vaginal birth
Your baby will most likely have a rounded head if you give birth with a C-section. If you are giving birth vaginally, you are more likely to give birth to a baby whose head felt a little wrong by passing through a narrow birth canal. This is normal.
You may notice changes in your baby’s scalp in the next few months after delivery. This is perfectly normal and usually does not cause concern.
The baby’s head may have temporary flat spots
- Go back to sleep
- Often sleeping with his head to one side
- Strong neck muscles make it more likely to turn your head in one direction
- Spend a long time in a car seat, strolling or rocking
Conditions that affect the scalp
Some conditions that can affect your baby’s head include:
Positional plagiocephaly is a condition in which a smooth spot develops on a child’s head. It is a very common condition և sometimes called flat head syndrome, although it is not a real syndrome.
While it may be alarming to notice a flat spot on your baby’s head, it will not affect your baby’s brain development. Most of the time the flat spot will return to normal in a few months.
Go back to sleep
Studies show that sleeping on your back in the first year of life remains the safest position for children. Still, it can cause a flat spot on the back of the head, especially if children spend most of the day on their backs.
Flat spots may form on one side of the head if the baby’s head is often turned to one side.
Sometimes other parts of the head or face can be mistaken for lying down for a long time. For example, the forehead or ears may be affected.
Craniosynostosis is a congenital condition that causes the bones of the skull to fuse very quickly. This can affect one or more seams. Sutures that fuse over time can affect brain development and lead to complications such as:
- Wrong head or face
- Intracranial pressure
- Respiratory problems
- Neurological problems
- Nausea և vomiting
- Swelling of soft spots
Your healthcare provider regularly checks your baby’s scalp for good baby appointments. The doctor may look for changes in your baby’s scalp when watching from above.
In addition to the visual evaluation, your doctor may diagnose positional plagiocephaly by smearing lightly on smooth spots. The condition is usually diagnosed in the first few months of life and can range from mild to severe.
After a physical exam, if your healthcare provider suspects craniocerebral disease, your child may need imaging tests to confirm the diagnosis. Computed tomography (CT) scan is the most accurate way to assess suture fusion.
An eye exam can also be done to assess the optic nerve. It is used to diagnose intracranial pressure in patients with craniocerebral disease.
What to expect during treatment?
Most babies will naturally grow out of any flat spots that they develop during the first few months of life. For mild positional plagiocephaly eggs, you can stimulate a normal scalp egg:
- Alternate position of the head. Sleeping in the back is still the safest way for a baby to sleep. Still, you can help prevent flattening of your baby’s head by changing their head position each time you put them to sleep.
- Frequent transportation of the child. Frequent movement of your baby on the floor, jumping chair, swing, or other spots reduces the amount of time children put pressure on part of their head.
- Practically the time of the abdomen. The more time children spend waking up on their backs, the less likely they are to develop spots. Spending time with them lying on their stomach is called belly time while being controlled is a good idea. Gut time helps reduce smudges, strengthens your baby’s neck, arms և core muscles.
- Carrying your baby. Caring for your baby և Using a sling or other soft carrier can help keep your baby under pressure. Additionally, try changing the way you hold your baby while feeding.
Your doctor may recommend physical therapy to your child if they have strong muscles. Tight muscles can cause your baby to keep his head in the same position և restrict the range of motion of the neck. Pediatric physical therapy can help newborns increase their range of motion and release stretched muscles.
If position changes alone do not improve your baby’s scalp enough, helmet or tape therapy may be recommended. Helmets can help shape the skull and treat smooth spots. But they are not recommended in mild or moderate cases, as they can cause skin irritation or discomfort.
Surgery is rarely recommended for positional plagiocephaly. It is usually recommended only if the structure of the skull interferes with vision, chewing or jaw position.
Surgery is recommended for most cases of craniosynostosis. However, if only one suture is closed, Your baby is in mild condition, your healthcare provider may first recommend a helmet to shave your head.
If more than one suture is fused, surgery is recommended to allow healthy brain development. Sometimes a helmet is still needed after surgery to help keep the skull healthy.
Frequently Asked Questions
What can cause abnormal headaches in newborns?
Positive plagicephaly և are craniosynostosis conditions that can cause abnormal cavities in the baby’s head. Positional flat spots may develop on the back or side of the head, depending on the position of the head.
Craniosynostosis can cause a long, narrow head, a compressed forehead, a flattened top, and other asymmetrical features.
What does it mean to shape a child’s head?
You do not need to do anything to shape your head. If position changes do not improve smooth spots, however, your healthcare provider may recommend an band or helmet to gently mold your baby’s head.
When should I worry about plagiarism in my baby?
If it does not improve on a flat surface after a few months, talk to your healthcare provider for advice on changing your baby’s position while sleeping or resting, and see if you need a helmet.
If your child has a strong preference for keeping his head in one direction, this may be a sign of strong muscles. Your healthcare provider can assess if your child has sore muscles, and if physical therapy can help.
A very good word
Finding a flat spot on your baby’s head is usually not a concern. They are common մեծ most of them are easily corrected by simple position changes. Exercising on your stomach, adjusting your baby’s head position while lying down, carrying your baby more often can help prevent և reversing positional plagiocephaly.
Ask your healthcare provider about smooth spots that bother you. Doctors can help monitor և diagnose the condition. In rare cases, the skull can merge very quickly և require treatment, allowing for healthy brain development.
Follow regular health appointments to monitor your baby’s development, Do not hesitate to ask your healthcare provider about any concerns about your baby’s scalp.
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