Changes in living conditions, environmental pollution ները genetic causes The number of food allergies in children has doubled in the last 10 years. So much so that food allergies have become a problem that affects about 100 out of every 6 children. For children under 4 years old; Acıbadem Maslak Hospital pediatric allergy specialist prof. He said that the symptoms of food allergy can be complaints such as refusal to eat, difficulty swallowing, crying for no reason, sleep disturbance, abdominal pain, vomiting, loss of appetite, constipation. Dr. Gulbin Bingյl said: “Allergies have many different symptoms. “Especially since infants and young children cannot express their grievances, parents need to be careful observers.” he said. Allergens detected during childhood; Factors such as the duration, quantity, early changes in the microbiological environment ը Vitamin D deficiency are among the reasons for the increase in allergies, Professor Dr. Gulbin Bingül gave detailed information about allergies.
8 most allergic foods
Explaining that food allergy is the common name for the natural reactions that occur to natural foods in the body, Professor Dr. Gulbin Bingյl emphasizes that food allergy is a growing health problem. Explaining that this type of allergy has been observed twice in the last 10 years, Professor Dr. Gulbin Bingյl continues his words as follows:
“The 8 most common food allergies. They can be grouped into cow’s milk, eggs, peanuts, walnuts, wheat, soy, shellfish and fish. These allergens affect 6.5 thousand children aged 0-4 years, of which there are 350 million in our country. This type of allergy, which affects about 4% of 6% of newborns, decreases to 2% in adolescence and 1% in adulthood.
The most common symptom; skin rash
Food allergies are often manifested by findings on the skin, gastrointestinal tract, and respiratory system. “Symptoms such as itching, redness, hives, eczema, swelling of the lips and eyes occur in 50-60% of children with allergic bodies,” said Dr. Gulbin Bingյl. Symptoms such as bloody stools, mucus in the stool, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, colic, constipation և diarrhea in the stomach և intestinal tract, which are also observed at the same rate. Respiratory symptoms are less common. In 20-30% of patients there is a runny nose, itching, sneezing, itching of the throat, hoarseness, difficulty swallowing, cough, wheezing and shortness of breath. However, in addition to all this, in the case of anaphylaxis (shocking picture), low blood pressure, fainting, palpitations, paleness, headache և confusion, “he says, giving detailed information about the symptoms. Professor Dr. Gulbin Bingյl emphasizes that children under the age of 4 should not ignore complaints such as refusal to eat, difficulty swallowing, crying for no apparent reason, sleep disturbance, abdominal pain, vomiting, loss of appetite, and constipation.
Food allergies should be taken seriously, as they can cause serious health problems. Noting that early detection of food allergens can eliminate skin, gastrointestinal, and respiratory complaints, which will help improve the quality of life for both the child and his or her family. Dr. Gulbin Bingյl says: “Food-borne և life-threatening reactions can be prevented with severe food allergies.”
Do not be late to see a doctor
So when should parents see a doctor? The importance of carefully tracing the findings of infants and children, Professor Dr. Gulbin Bingյl continues.
“If there are any symptoms we have described, ie weakness in the blood in the lungs, mucous membranes (sneezing), vomiting that does not improve, crying for an unknown reason, rash on the skin, you should see a doctor. These findings can occur even during breastfeeding. This is because of the fact that dietary protein is passed from breast milk to the baby. “Those who have such findings, especially those who are in shock, should be under the supervision of a doctor.”
Decreases with age
These problems and food allergies, which generally affect quality of life, may decrease or even disappear with age. Noting that the allergy to cow’s milk, eggs, wheat and soy improves in the first year, Professor Dr. Gulbin Bingյl said: “Nevertheless, the development of tolerance can continue until puberty. Peanuts and walnuts are accepted by the body, և development is slow. Sometimes the allergy persists. Likewise, allergies to fish and shellfish are often persistent. ”
There is no cure, but it can be avoided.
There is no definitive cure for food allergies. However, noting that some measures have been taken to prevent it, the Academy of Allergy and Clinical Immunology has prepared a report after various studies, said Professor Dr. Gulbin Bingյl. for the first week. Well-cooked eggs can be fed during the transition period of solid food. In addition, peanut allergy can be added to food that should be given when switching to food in societies with a high prevalence of peanut allergy.
Take precautions against anaphylactic shock
The process of treating food allergies is based on eliminating the food allergy from the diet. Noting that if the baby is breastfed, the mother should stay away from that food, Professor Dr. Gulbin Bingյl warned. Again, adrenaline pumping machines (adrenaline pens) should be performed in patients at risk for shock. If the child goes to school or kindergarten, these items should be stored there, and the child և teachers should be informed when they should be used.
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